Some of the examples used to defame the serial comma are absurd.
In cases where the language is ambiguous with or without the comma, it is incumbent on the writer to formulate the sentence without the ambiguity altogether.
“We invited the strippers, JFK, and Stalin.”
“We invited the strippers, JFK and Stalin.”
“We invited JFK, Stalin, and the strippers.” << This version contains no ambiguity.
The Wikipedia article, posted with minor abridgement of references and TOC below, contains some good examples on how to avoid ambiguity, but still retain the serial comma.
In English punctuation, a serial comma or series comma (also called Oxford comma and Harvard comma) is a comma placed immediately before the coordinating conjunction (usually and, or, or nor) in a series of three or more terms. For example, a list of three countries might be punctuated either as “France, Italy, and Spain” (with the serial comma), or as “France, Italy and Spain” (without the serial comma).
Opinions among writers and editors differ on whether to use the serial comma. In American English, a majority of style guides mandate use of the serial comma, including The MLA Style Manual, APA style, The Chicago Manual of Style, Strunk and White’s Elements of Style, and the U.S. Government Printing Office Style Manual.
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I’ve had my Samsung Galaxy S4 for about a year now, and I decided I wanted to save my text messages to my hard drive as a backup.
I called T-Mobile business tech support and their answer was to visit Google Play Store and use an app that uploads SMS messages to your Gmail account.
I wanted one that exports to Excel, however. So I tried several that install on the computer, but they were either clunky, or didn’t work at all.
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There is a new startup company called Telepresence Robotics Corporation making robots for the office and consumer. You can participate in meetings without actually being there. The industry is referring to these as “avatars”; not just static images like in computer games or blog posts, but like the movie by the same name where you become the actual character in the remote location.
Notes On vCard VCF File Syntax Specifications
File Extension = .vcf
Commonly Referred To As: Address Book or Contacts
URI = Uniform Resource Identifier
Character Set is UTF-8
Elements are NOT Case Sensitive
For clarity, I Choose to define the following –
PROPERTIES are defined in STATEMENTS.
One STATEMENT appears on each line of the vCard file. (Provided there is not any line folding.)
According to the specification, an ELEMENT is any defined component of the syntax specification.
A new ELEMENT may be defined according IANA. (10.2) I refer to this as a CUSTOM element. The only custom elements I use are TYPE VALUES. Since TYPE is a reserved word in the syntax, I do not refer to “Types”, I refer to Type Values.
Line Folding requires white space at end of line to be ignored when the first character of the next line is white space.
Space Characters in Property Type Values will not export properly from the Samsung Galaxy S4. For example, using a custom type value of “My Membership” (without quotes) Will export as, TEL;:8005551212 . For this to work, you must include a hyphen character between words rather than a space character. This will then export correctly as, TEL;TYPE=X-My-Membership:8005551212 (vCard Version 2.1). Gmail will import this as “Other”. For Gmail to import properly, you must convert the Samsung export to the syntax accepted by Gmail, as follows,
PROPERTIES TYPE VALUES (v3.0)
Home, Work, Mobile, Cell (Converts to Mobile), Home Fax, Work Fax, Callback, Pref, Other, Custom
Home, Work, Pref, Other, Custom
Home, Work, Pref, Other, Custom
AIM, Yahoo, Skype, Windows Live, QQ, Hangouts, ICQ, Jabber, Custom
Birthday, Anniversary, Other, Custom
Assistant, Brother, Child, Father, Friend, Manager, Mother, Parent, Partner, Referred By, Relative, Sister, Spouse, Custom
TEL[;TYPE= type *[“,”type]]:
TEL;:7778884444 (NOTE: Omitting the colon will result in a failed import to the phone.)
Do Not Confuse Numbers with How They Are Dialed
As an example, in many countries the E.164 number “+1-212-555-3141”
will be dialed as 00-1-212-555-3141, where the leading “00” is a
prefix for international calls. (In general, a “+” symbol in E.164
indicates that an international prefix is required.)
vCard v4.0 Specification
vCard 3.0 Specification
vCard 2.1 Specification
Reserved Property Names and Other Words
I was searching for “Best Plugin for WordPress Security“, and I came across this infographic over at Regina Smolna’s site, wpSecurityLock.
The Infographic comes from a site called, wpTemplate.com, and includes the following information…
- Number of WordPress blogs that have been hacked in the past 4 years
- Best ways to harden your WordPress site security
- Ways that WordPress blogs get hacked
- 27 Common forms of vulnerabilities
- 9 Signs that show your site has been hacked
- Most common ways for a website to get hacked
- WordPress Security statistics
- What Makes WordPress so vulnerable
- Breakdown of 400 WordPress Security issues
(Be forewarned: If you click on the picture below, it will redirect you off my site to wptemplate.com. Each of their pages seemed very bulky and took a long time to finish loading.)
Don’t bother searching their site search, or their FAQ.
Here’s how you (as Admin) can impersonate (or Alias) another user in TeamWorkPM.net project management online software. The purpose of impersonation is so you can make sure you set all their permissions correctly. This is especially valuable if you want to give your client limited access. By impersonating their account, you can be sure you haven’t given them access to something private or confidential for your team.
Here are the simple instructions –
1. Login to your account as admin.
2. In the top left navigation menu, click on “People”.
3. Select a user and click on the “Account” icon to the left of the user’s name.
4. Click on the Impersonate link in the left-hand sidebar.
Jerry Leventer has started another business venture called eTiger™ Digital. Harrison Rose and Jerry Leventer are building partnerships with Silicon Valley startups.
eTiger is a full-service, one-stop, professional consulting company. They specialize in design and development for mobile apps, mobile-enabled websites, and supporting software. They are experts in developing and implementing digital marketing and eCommerce solutions for startups and other small and medium size businesses in Silicon Valley, across the U.S., and around the world.
At eTiger, they will provide you with professional, high quality, Web design and development services to support and to grow your business. They will work wth your current system and help to improve it, or they will design a next-generation system to fit your unique needs. They use cutting edge technology, classic strategies, and proven methodologies to integrate and implement your custom requirements.
Visit eTiger at http://www.eTiger.co/about/
Froogle was renamed Google Products, then Google Base, then Google Merchants, then Google Product Search, and now it is called Google Shopping.
Why did Froogle Fail